• THE DIVE by Swann Cardot

What Body Type Are You?

Everyone’s body is different.

Some of us are taller, some of us are shorter. Some of us have a small frame, whereas others seem to be bigger boned. But what you may not know is that there are actually 3 distinctive body type classifications, also known as “Somatotypes”. It can be useful to know your specific somatotype, since it can help you with your fat loss or muscle building approach.

See where you fit in...

These 3 classifications are Ectomorph, Mesomorph, and Endomorph.

As you can see, each of these 3 body types is quite visually distinctive.

Ectomorph body types are thinner, smaller-boned, with naturally lower amounts of both body fat and muscle mass.

Mesomorph body types are more traditionally ‘athletic’ looking, naturally having more muscle mass and moderate levels of body fat.

Finally, the Endomorph body type is rounder, and softer, naturally having higher levels of body fat.

The Ectomorph Body Type

Classically known as "hard-gainers". Ectomorphs don’t have to worry as much about getting fat, but often struggle with putting on muscle mass.

Here are the common characteristics of Ectomorphs:

  • Your shoulders are narrower than your hips

  • Fitted jeans generally feel loose around your butt

  • Your body tends to stay skinny

  • Your body looks long and narrow

  • You have trouble gaining weight, both in terms of muscle and fat

If you are an Ectomorph, you are likely going to have to eat more calories than either of the other 2 body types if you want to consistently put on muscle. You should focus primarily on heavy weight lifting, and keep cardio to a bare minimum, especially if you are having trouble gaining muscle.

The Mesomorph Body Type

Mesomorphs are typically thought of as the luckiest of these 3 body types, given their ability to build muscle without putting on too much excess fat.

Let’s take a look at how you can determine if you fit into this body type:

  • Your shoulders are roughly the same width as your hips

  • Fitted jeans generally feel snug, but not too tight around your butt

  • Your body tends to stay lean, yet somewhat muscular

  • Your body looks squarish

  • You can gain or lose weight without too many issues

If you are a Mesomorph, you are likely going to find it easier to maintain a lean, muscular body than the other 2 types. In terms of your training, you should focus on a strength training, along with moderate amounts of cardiovascular exercise. Diet-wise, you likely won’t have to eat too much extra food to gain muscle mass, although you’ll still need to be maintaining an adequate caloric surplus.

However, be aware that can still gain fat slowly, but steadily, over the years if you’re not careful!

The Endomorph Body Type

This is the body type that traditionally has the most difficult time losing weight. They can often put on a decent amount of muscle mass reasonably easily.

Here are some of the traits that are likely to indicate that you’re an Endomorph:

  • Your shoulders are wider than your hips

  • Fitted jeans generally feel tight around your butt

  • Your body tends to carry extra fat

  • Your body looks round and soft

  • You can gain weight fairly easily, but find it quite difficult to lose

If you fit several of these characteristics, you may indeed be an Endomorph!

This means that your biggest concern will be adopting a lifestyle where you don’t put on excess fat.

This will involve adopting a diet in a calorie deficit until you are able to get to a weight that you’re happy with.

And as with the other 2 body types, I would recommend an effective strength training program, that will help you improve your muscle-to-fat ratio. You will want to add cardio into your routine, to help you burn additional calories. Specifically, I would recommend a High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT).

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